• Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Labor in informational capitalism and on the Internet. The Information Society 26 (3): 179-196.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Alternative media as critical media. European Journal of Social Theory 13 (2): 173-192.
  • Fuchs, Christian, Matthias Schafranek, David Hakken and Marcus Breen. Capitalist crisis, communication, & culture – introduction to the special issue of tripleC. tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation): Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society 8 (2): 193-204. PDF
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Social networking sites and complex technology assessment. International Journal of E-Politics 1 (3): 19-38 (special issue on “E-democracy: online youth participation and engagement”, edited by Dubravka Cecez-Kecmanovic, Ariadne Vromen, Mary Anne Kennan).
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. studiVZ: Social Networking Sites in the Surveillance Society. Ethics and Information Technology 12 (2): 171-185.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Grounding critical communication studies. An inquiry into the communication theory of Karl Marx. Journal of Communication Inquiry 34 (1): 15-41.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Social software and web 2.0: their sociological foundations and implications. In Handbook of research on web 2.0, 3.0, and X.0: technologies, business, and social applications. Volume II, ed. San Murugesan, 764-789. Hershey, PA: IGI-Global.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. New Imperialism: Information and Media Imperialism? Global Media and Communication 6 (1): 33-60.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Critical Globalization Studies: An Empirical and Theoretical Analysis of the New Imperialism. Science & Society 74 (2): 215-247.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Facebook, Web 2.0 und ökonomische Überwachung. DuD - Datenschutz und Datensicherheit 7 (2010): 453-458.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Global media and global capitalism. In Indigenous societies and cultural globalization in the 21st century. Is the global village truly real?, ed. Nnamdi Ekeanyanwu and Chinedu Okeke, 556-594. Saarbrücken: VDM.
  • Fuchs, Christian and Marianna Obrist. 2010. HCI and Society: Towards a Typology of Universal Design Principles. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 26 (6): 638-656.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Critical globalization studies and the new imperialism. Critical Sociology 36 (6): 839-867.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Class, knowledge and new media. Media, Culture & Society 32 (1): 141-150.
  • Sandoval, Marisol and Christian Fuchs. 2010. Towards a critical theory of alternative media. Telematics and Informatics (special issue on community media, edited by Nico Carpentier and Salvatore Scifo) 27 (2): 141-150.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2010. Theoretical foundations of defining the participatory, co-operative, sustainable information society. Information, Communication, and Society 13 (1): 23-47.
  • Fuchs, Christian, Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Matthias Schafranek, Celina Raffl, Marisol Sandoval and Robert Bichler. 2010. Theoretical foundations of the web: cognition, communication, and co-operation. Towards an understanding of web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0. Future Internet 2 (1): 41-59.
  • Kreilinger, Verena. 2010. Werbung in China. Werbestrategien europäischer Unternehmen am chinesischen Markt. [Advertising in China: Advertising strategies of European firms on Chinese markets] Saarbrücken: VDM


  • Banfield-Mumb, Alexander/Mayrhofer, Petra (2009): – Youth Participation in the Social Web. How wikis and other social software tools can contribute to a new form of civic education at schools. In: IATED (2009) INTED2009 Proceedings CD. International Technology, Education and Development Conference 2009. ISBN: 978-84-612-7578-6.
  • Fuchs, Christian and Wolfgang Hofkirchner. 2009. Autopoiesis and critical social systems theory. In: Autopoiesis in organization theory and practice, ed. Rodrigo Magalhaes and Ron Sanchez, 111-129. Bingley: Emerald.
  • Fuchs, Christian and Rainer E. Zimmermann. 2009. Practical Civil Virtues in Cyberspace: Towards the Utopian Identity of Civitas and Multitudo. Munich Series in Design Science (Münchener Schriften zur Design Science), Volume 5. ISBN 978-3-8322-8341-4. Aachen: Shaker.
  • Fuchs, Christian, Robert Bichler and Celina Raffl. 2009. Cyberethics and co-operation in the information society. Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (4): 447-466.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Some Reflections on Manuel Castells’ Book “Communicaiton Power". tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation) – Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society. 7 (1): 94-108.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Some Theoretical Foundations of Critical Media Studies: Reflections on Karl Marx and the Media. International Journal of Communication 3 (2009): 369-402.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. A Contribution to Theoretical Foundations of Critical Media and Communication Studies. Javnost-The Public 16 (2): 5-24.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Information and Communication Technologies & Society: A Contribution to the Critique of the Political Economy of the Internet. European Journal of Communication 24 (1): 69-87.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. A Contribution to Critical Globalization Studies. Centre for the Critical Study of Global Power and Politics Working Paper CSGP 09/8. Peterborough, Canada: Trent University. PDF
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. The Role of Income Inequality in a Multivariate Cross-National Analysis of the Digital Divide. Social Science Computer Review 27 (1): 41-58.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Social Networking Sites and the Surveillance Society. A Critical Case Study of the Usage of studiVZ, Facebook, and MySpace by Students in Salzburg in the Context of Electronic Surveillance. Salzburg/Vienna: Research Group UTI. ISBN 978-3-200-01428-2. ICT&S Center Research Report. More information here
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. A Contribution to the Critique of the Political Economy of Transnational Informational Capitalism. Rethinking Marxism 21 (3): 387-402. 
  • Fuchs, Christian and Wolfgang Hofkirchner. 2009, Forthcoming. Autopoiesis and Critical Social Systems Theory. In Autopoiesis in Organization Theory and Practice, eds. Rodrigo Magalhaes and Ron Sanchez. Bingley: Emerald.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. A fenntartható információs társadalom ideológiai tájképe
    (Sustainable Information Society as Ideology, in Hungarian). Információs Társadalom
    (Information Society). 9 (2): 7-19
    + 9 (3): 27-52..
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Kapitalistische Medien und kapitalistische Krise [Capitalist Media
    and Capitalist Crisis]. In Kapitalismus am Ende? [The End of Capitalism?], 166-172. Hamburg: VSA. pp. 166-172.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009. Grundlagen der Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie der Medien [Foundations of the Critique of the Political Economy of the Media, in German, for an English version see the paper "A Contribution to Theoretical Foundations of Critical Media and Communication Studies"]. In Bruchstücke: Kritische Ansätze zu Politik und Ökonomie im globalisierten Kapitalismus, ed. Peter Fleissner and Natascha Wanek, 97-111. Berlin: trafo.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2009.  Internet und Gesellschaft: Beiträge zu einer kritischen Theorie des Informationszeitalters [Internet and Society: Contibutions to a Critical Theory of the Information Age]. In Neue Medien und kulturelle Vielfalt [New Media and Cultural Diversity], ed. Gerhard Banse, Gerhard, Matthias Wieser, Rainer Winter, 55-79. Berlin: trafo.
  • Sandoval, Marisol. 2009. A Critical Contribution to the Foundations of Alternative Media Studies. Kurgu-Online International Journal of Communication Studies 1



  • Bichler, Robert, Christian Fuchs and Celina Raffl. 2008. Perspectives of Cyberethics in the Information Society. In Framing Evil, eds. Nancy Billias and Agnes B. Curry, 153-162. Oxford, UK: Inter-Disciplinary Press.
  • Bichler, Robert M. (2008): The dawn of the information age in least developed countries (LDCs): lessons learned from four case studies. In: tripleC. Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 77-87.
  • Bichler, Robert M. (2008): Southern Africa and the Digital Divide: A Malawian Case Study. In: The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society. Vol. 4, No. 6. pp. 41-50.
  • Bichler, Robert M. (2008): Information and Communication Technologies in the Republic of Malawi: an Assessment of Progress and Challenges Ahead. In: Bada, Abiodun O./Musa, Philip (Eds.): Proceedings of the IFIP WG 9.4-University of Pretoria Joint Workshop. Towards an ICT Research Agenda for African Development. International Federation for Information Processing. Pretoria. pp. 189-202.
  • Diendorfer, Gertraud/Banfield-Mumb, Alexander/Mayrhofer, Petra (2008) – Jugendpartizipation im Social Web. In: Peter Parycek, Alexander Prosser (eds.) (2008) EDem2008. E-Democracy Conference. ISBN 978-3-85403-239-7
  • Fleissner, Peter (2008): Information Society: A Second "Great Transformation"? In: Herbert Htachovec, Alois Pichler (Eds.) Philosophy of the Information Society. Poceedings of the 30. International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria 2007, Vol 2, 205-214
  • Fuchs, Christian and Marisol Sandoval. 2008. Positivism, Postmodernism, or Critical Theory? A Case Study of Communications Students’ Understandings of Criticism. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies 6 (2): 112-141. 
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Internet and Society: Social Theory in the Information Age. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0415961327. 408 pages. More information here
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. The Implications of New Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainability. Environment, Development and Sustainability 10 (3): 291-309.
  • Fuchs, Christian and Eva Horak. 2008. Africa and the Digital Divide. Telematics and Informatics 25 (2): 99-116.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Sociology, Dynamic Critical Realism, and Radical Constructivism. Constructivist Foundations 3 (2): 97-99. (Comment on the article “Who Conceives of Society?“ by Ernst von Glasersfeld that was published in the same issue).
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Review Essay of “Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything“, by Don Tapscott and Anthony D. Williams. International Journal of Communication 2 (2008), Review Section: 1-11.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Introduction to the special issue on "ICTs and Society: PhD Students’ Transdisciplinary Research Projects". tripleC (Cognition, Communication, Co-operation): Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society 6 (2): i-viii.
  • Editor of a special issue on "ICTs and society: PhD Students' Transdisciplinary Research Projects" (Proceedings of the PhD conference “ICTs and Society“, June 20-21, 2008, University of Salzburg), triplec (Cognition, Communication, Co-operation): Open Access Journal for a Global Sustainable Information Society. Vol. 6. No. 2. 
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Towards a Critical Theory of Information. In Qué es Información? (What is Information?) Proceedings of the First International Meeting of Experts in Information Theories. An Interdisciplinary Approach (Primer Encuentro Internacional de Expertos Teorías de la Información. Un enfoque interdisciplinar), November 6-7, 2008, ed. José María Díaz Nafria and Francisco Salto Alemany, 247-316. León, Spain. León: Universidad de León.
    Also published in: tripleC (cognition, communication, co-operation) (2009) 7 (2): 243-292. PDF
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Dialektisches Denken als Grundlage der Kritik des transnationalen informationellen Kapitalismus (Dialectical Thinking as Foundation for the Critique of Transnational Informational Capitalism). Proceedings of the Conference „Polyphone Dialektik“ (Polyphonous Dialectics), Berlin, November 1-4, 2007. Vorschein 30: 97-119.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Foundations and Two Models of Guaranteed Basic Income. In Perspectives on Work. Perspectives of Social Ethics Volume 1, eds. Otto Neumaier, Gottfried Schweiger and Clemens Sedmak, 235-248. Vienna: LIT.
  • Hofkirchner, W.: How to Achieve a Unified Theory of Information. In: Díaz Nafría, J. M., Salto Alemany, F. (eds.), ¿Qué es información?, Actas al Primer Encuentro Internacional de Expertos en Teorías de la Información, Un enfoque interdisciplinar, León, 6-7 noviembre de 2008, Universidad de León, ISBN 978-84-9773-451-6, 2008
  • Raffl, Celina, Wolfgang Hofkirchner, Christian Fuchs and Matthias Schafranek. 2008. The Web as Techno-Social System. The Emergence of Web 3.0. In Cybernetics and Systems 2008, ed. Robert Trappl, 604-609. Vienna: Austrian Society for Cybernetic Studies.
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Review of "Wikinomics" (Tapscott/Williams). Journal of Communication 58 (2): 402-403
  • Fuchs, Christian. 2008. Review of "Wikinomics" (Tapscott/Williams). Politics and Culture 2 (4).
  • Raffl, Celina [2008]. Innovation through Cooperation. Information and Communication Technology Assessment and Design for Open Innovation. Abstract of PhD-Thesis. In: Carpentier, Nico/Pruulmann-Vengerfeldt, Pille/Nordenstreng, Kaarle/Hartmann, Maren/Vihalemm, Peeter/Cammaerts, Bart/Nieminen, Hannu/Olsson, Tobias [Edts.]. Democracy, Journalism and Technology. New Developments in an Enlarged Europe. The Intellectual Work of ECREA's 2008 European Media and Communication Doctoral Summer School. The Researching and Teaching Communication Series. Tartu University Press: Tartu. Download the full book.
  • Raffl, Celina/Hofkirchner, Wolfgang/Fuchs, Christian/Schafranek, Matthias (2008): The Web as Technosocial System. The Emergence of Web 3.0. In: Trappl, R. (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems 2008, Proceedings of the Nineteenth European Meeting on Cybernetics and Systems Research, organized by the Austrian Society for Cybernetic Studies, held at the University of Vienna, 25-28 March 2008, Austrian Society for Cybernetic Studies, 2008, 604-609
  • Raffl, Celina (2008). Is the Virtual Space a Social Space? In: Zimmermann, Rainer E. [Ed.]. Design Science Bd. 2. Shaker Verlag: Munich [pp. 218–240].
  • Raffl, Celina (2008). Assessing the Impact of Open Content Knowledge Production in Web 2.0. In: The International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society. Volume 4, Issue 3 [pp. 85-92].
  • Sandoval, Marisol (2008). Grundlagen dialektischer Gesellschafts- und Medienkritik. In: Vorschein. No. 30. pp. 97-119.


  • Bichler, Robert M. (2007): Information and Communication Technologies for Least Developed Countries (ICTs4LDCs): Exemplified in the Republic of Yemen. In: The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 349-360.
  • Bichler, Robert M./Schmiderer, Harald (2007): Theorizing tourism: Bridging the virtual-real-dichotomy. In: Harris, Candice/van Hal, Marlies (Eds.): Book of Papers: The Critical Turn in Tourism Studies: Promoting an Academy of Hope? Proceedings of the Second International Critical Tourism Studies (CTS) Conference. Split. pp. 332-337
  • Fleissner, P. and Romano, V. (eds.) (2007): Digitale Medien – neue Möglichkeiten für Demokratie und Partizipation? (Digital Media - New Potential for Democracy and Participation) series: network - cultural diversity and new media, vol 7, Berlin: trafo Verlag Dr. Weist
  • Fuchs, Christian/Blachfellner, Stefan/Bichler, Robert M. (2007): The Urgent Need for Change: Rethinking Knowledge and Management. In: Stary, Christian/Barachini, Franz/Hawamdeh, Suliman (Eds.): Knowledge Management: Innovation, Technology and Cultures. Series on Innovation and Knowledge Management - Vol. 6. Proceedings of the 2007 International Conference on Knowledge Management. World Scientific. New Jersey/London/Singapore. pp. 293-307.
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang/Tscheligi, Manfred/Bichler, Robert M./Reitberger, Wolfgang (2007): Ambient Persuasion for the Good Society. In: International Review of Information Ethics (IRIE). Vol. 8. pp. 42-46
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang (2007): Theorien der Informationsgesellschaft. In: Sitzungsberichte der Leibniz-Sozietät, Band 93, 2007, trafo-Verlag, Berlin, 101-117
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang/Fuchs, Christian/Raffl, Celina/Schafranek, Matthias/Sandoval, Marisol/Bichler, Robert M. (007): ICTs and Society: The Salzburg Approach. Towards a Theory for, about, and by means of the Information Society. In: ICT&S Center Research Paper Series, No. 3, Dec. 2007, 1-57
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang (2007): A Critical Social Systems View of the Internet. In: Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 37, No. 4, Dec. 2007, 471-500
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang (2007): Das Internet als Raum. Evolutionäre Systemtheorie als Grundlage einer einheitlichen Raumtheorie. In: Vorschein Nr. 29, Jahrbuch 2007 der Ernst-Bloch-Assoziation, 2007, 64-77 
  • Raffl, Celina/Bichler, Robert M. (2007): Vom Sozialen in den Virtuellen Raum. Ernst Blochs 'Konkrete Utopie' im Cyberspace?. In: Zeilinger, Doris [Hg.]: Raumkonstruktion und Raumerfahrung. Jahrbuch 2007 der Ernst-Bloch-Assoziation, VorSchein Nr. 29. Antogo Verlag. Nürnberg. S. 107-128. 


  • Doucette, D., Hofkirchner, W., Bichler, R., Raffl, C. (2006): Toward a New Science of Information. In: Proceedings, CODATA 2006, Data Science Journal, Vol. 6, 7 April 2007, S198-S205
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang (ed.) (2006): David Pouvreau, La "tragédie dialectique du concept de totalité“: Une biographie non officielle de Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972) d’après ses textes, sa correspondance et ses archives, BCSSS, Vienna,102
  • Hofkirchner, Wolfgang (2006): Society as a self-organising system. In: Yevtuh, V., Dobronravova, I. (Eds.), Cultural Context of Social Self-Organization, Kyiv University Press, 2006, 27-34   
  • Raffl, Celina (2006). The Two Cultures: A Third Look. In: Trappl, Robert [Ed.]. Cybernetics and Systems 2006. Austrian Society for Cybernetic Studies: Vienna.
  • Reitberger, Wolfgang/Bichler, Robert M./Ploderer, Bernd (2006): Is Ambient Intelligence doomed to fail? Design Guidelines for bridging the Digital Divide in the Ambient Intelligence Society. In: Guerrero-Bote, Vicente P. (Ed.) (2006). Current Research in Information Sciences and Technologies. Multidisciplinary Approaches to Global Information Systems (Volume 2). Open Institute of Knowledge. Badajoz. pp. 132-136.